Research Matters

Books on Research Methods in ELT and Applied Linguistics

Burns, A. (2010) Doing Action Research in English Language Teaching. New York: Routledge.

Zoltan Dörnyei, Z. (2010). Questionnaires in second language research: Construction, administration, and processing (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Keith Richards (2003) Qualitative Inquiry in TESOL. Palgrave Macmillan

McKay, Sandra Lee (2006) Researching Second Language Classrooms. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Porte, Graeme Keith (2002) Appraising Research in Second Language Learning: A Practical Approach to Critical Analysis of Quantitative Research, John Benjamins.
McDonough, J. & McDonough, S. (1997) Research Methods for English Language Teachers. London: Arnold.
This book offers a lively introduction to the research methods and techniques available to English language teachers who wish to investigate aspects of their own practice. It covers qualitative and quantitative methodology and includes sections on observation, introspection, diary studies, experiments, interviews, questionnaires, numerical techniques, and case study research.

Nunan, D. (1992) Research Methods in Language Learning. Cambridge: CUP.

Keith Richards, Steven John Ross & Paul Seedhouse (2011) Research Methods for Applied Language Studies: An Advanced Resource Book for Students. Routledge (Taylor and Francis).

Adrian Holliday (2002) Doing and Writing Qualitative Research. Sage Publications.
This book demonstrates how researchers move from the real-world of their research into the writing process. It is relevant to undergraduate, masters and doctoral students, and also to publishing academics and professionals. It should be of interest to both novice and advanced qualitative researchers in all disciplines, including nursing, cross cultural studies, sport science, management, education, TESOL and sociology. It deals with all aspects of writing, including planning and organization, techniques of referencing and sentence-level presentation of data; and is based on examples from student and published work, with interviews with their authors on how they did it.

Perry, Fred L. Jr. (2005) Research in Applied Linguistics: Becoming a Discerning Consumer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Opie, Clive (Εd.) (2004) Doing educational research.London & Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.

Alison Mackey & Susan M. Gass (2005) Second Language Research: Methodology and Design. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Jenifer Larson-Hall (2009) A Guide to Doing Statistics in Second Language Research Using SPSS. Routledge.

Using data sets from real SLA studies, A Guide to Doing Statistics in Second Language Research Using SPSS shows newcomers to both statistics and SPSS how to generate descriptive statistics, how to choose a statistical test, and how to conduct and interpret a variety of basic statistical tests. It covers the statistical tests that are most commonly used in second language research, including chi-square, t-tests, correlation, multiple regression, ANOVA and non-parametric analogs to these tests.

Elma Blom & Sharon Unsworth (Eds.) (2010) Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research. John Benjamins.

The book provides students and researchers interested in language acquisition with comprehensible and practical information on the most frequently used methods in language acquisition research. It includes contributions on first and child/adult second language learners, language-impaired children, and on the acquisition of both spoken and signed language. Part I discusses specific experimental methods, explaining the rationale behind each one, and providing an overview of potential participants, the procedure and data-analysis, as well as advantages and disadvantages and dos and don'ts. Part II focuses on comparisons across groups, addressing the theoretical, applied and methodological issues involved in such comparative work. This book will not only be of use to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, but also to any scholars wishing to learn more about a particular research method. It is suitable as a textbook in postgraduate programs in the fields of linguistics, education and psychology.

Beverly Lewin (2010) Writing Readable Research: A Guide for Students of Social Science. Equinox Publishing Ltd,

Like the sound of the proverbial tree falling in a forest with no human audience, research that is not ultimately published is 'unheard' and forever lost. Moreover, published research that is not reported well may not stand a chance in today's competitive academic world. Those whose first language is not English bear a double burden in trying to make themselves heard and understood. Writing Readable Research tries to help users create texts that are easy to read, interesting, and dynamic, yet conform to current standards of English, to criteria of the fields of social science, and to conventions of society in general. This book gives attention to all the layers of scientific writing, from nitty-gritty problems in grammar and punctuation to sensitive interpersonal issues such as criticism of other authors and advancing one's own claims. It can be used as part of a course or independently by students. Since the intended users of this textbook are novice writers, whether graduate students or new faculty members, the practical issues are spelled out. On the other hand, since these writers are also sophisticated scientists, the book addresses their need to understand the theoretical rationale and historical background for some of the guidelines. Although Writing Readable Research concentrates on journal articles, it also provides valuable advice on the preparation of talks and posters for conferences, abstracts, and professional letters. Most of all, it is enhanced with a little humor, lots of authentic examples from published texts, and some challenging tasks for students to complete, presented in an easy-to-read layout.

Lia Litosseliti (2009) Research Methods in Linguistics, Series Title: Research Methods in Linguistics. Continuum.

The book covers all research methods in the area of sociolinguistics and discourse analysis.


Books and articles on research in the social sciences 

Kazdin, A. E.(1995). Preparing and evaluating research reports. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 228-237.

This article discusses preparation of the report in light of how the information is likely to be evaluated and how the report contributes to the research process. The focus is on 3 essential features: description, explanation, and contextualization of the study. These features are elaborated by reviewing the contents of each section of the manuscript and questions to guide authors and reviewers for preparing and evaluating the report. Emphasis is placed on conveying the rationale for decisions made in the design, execution, and analysis of the study. Common issues related to the interpretation of assessment studies, including test validity data, the relation of constructs and measures, and sampling, are highlighted as well.

Griffith A. (2010). SPSS for dummies. NJQ Wiley Publishing, Inc.
This guide: (a) explains how to work with automatic codebook generation and customize the variable view (b) Walks you through the rounding method that is used in all calculations and explains using predictive analysis (c) Shows how to maximize your use of graph templates

Thomas. David R. (2006). A General Inductive Approach for Analyzing Qualitative Evaluation Data. American Journal of Evaluation 27: 237.

La PelleNancy. (2004). Simplifying Qualitative Data Analysis Using General Purpose Software Tools. Field Methods 2004 16: 85

Margaret Walsh. (2003). Teaching Qualitative Analysis Using QSR NVivo. The Qualitative Report 8/2: 251-256. 

Stephen Davis (Ed.) (2003) Handbook of Research Methods in Experimental Psychology. Wiley.

Cramer, Duncan (2003) Advanced Quantitative Data Analysis. Buckingham: Open University Press.


Greek Books on Statistics with Reference to SPSS

Χαράλαμπος Γναρδέλλης (2013). Ανάλυση Δεδομένων με το ΙΒΜ SPSS Statistics 21. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Παπαζήση. ISBN: 978-960-02-2864-9, Τιμή: 85,20€

Βασίλης Δαφέρμος (2011). Κοινωνική Στατιστική & Μεθοδολογία Έρευνας με το SPSS (2η έκδ). Θεσσαλονίκη: Εκδόσεις Ζήτη. ISBN: 978-960-456-279-4, Τιμή: 63,90€

Αθανάσιος Κατσής, Γεώργιος Σιδερίδης, Αναστάσιος Εμβαλωτής (2011). Στατιστικές Μέθοδοι στις Κοινωνικές Επιστήμες. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Τόπος. ISBN: 978-960-6863-80-6, Τιμή: 47,90€

Ιωάννης Μ. Κατσίλλης (2006). Επαγωγική Στατιστική: Εφαρμοσμένη στις κοινωνικές επιστήμες και την εκπαίδευση με έμφαση στην ανάλυση με υπολογιστές. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Gutenberg. ISBN: 960-01-1079-4 Τιμή: 17,00€

Πέτρος Λ. Ρούσσος & Γιάννης Τσαούσης (2011). Στατιστική στις επιστήμες της συμπεριφοράς με τη χρήση του SPSS. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Τόπος. ISBN: 978-960-6863-69-1, Τιμή: 46,00€


Articles and Special Issues

The following articles and special issues are selections from the international literature. Readers are advised to consult the abstracts of the papers that interest them for more information.

Qualitative Research Interviews in Applied Linguistics, Special Issue of Applied Linguistics, Volume 32 Issue 1, 2011

Sites with Statistical Advice

Online Statistics Education -- υπάρχει και pdf αρχείο με το υλικό του site μεγέθους 30.9MB


Statistical Books, Manuals and Journals

Stack Exchange

Online Statistics Courses

Udacity: Intro to Statistics

Coursera: Statistics One

Stanford Online Statistical Learning

Open Introduction to Statistics Course, UCB

MOOC List of online statistical courses

Youtube Videos

A simple search for “intro to statistics” gives close to a million responses (videos) from the most basic all the way to way-way advanced. Pick and choose at your own discretion.

What statistical analysis to choose

Statistics 101: ANOVA, A Visual Introduction

Statistics Intro: Basic Descriptive Terms (mean, median and mode)

Using SPSS - How to Choose the Appropriate Statistical Test

Intro to Statistics, Variables and Scales of Measurement

NHST - Null Hypothesis Statistical Testing 

Introduction to Linear Regression



"Did I plagiarise?" The types and severity of plagiarism violations (infographic)